In addition to earthquake-resistant homes, such as Styrofoam dome homes and Solaleya Domes there is still another earthquake resistant housing that is home Gadang. Gadang house is named for the traditional house of Minangkabau, West Sumatra Province, Indonesia country. Why is this house is said to one of the houses withstand earthquakes?
Overview flashback story that reminds me of home Gadang is when an earthquake measuring 7.3 on the Richter on Wednesday (2/9/2009) centered at 142 kilometers southwest of Tasikmalaya, West Java, was felt up to the island of Bali. This earthquake destroyed the Tasikmalaya and casualties of approximately 57 people with details of 21 people Cianjur, Garut 10 people, 2 people of Sukabumi, Tasikmalaya 9 people, 8 people in Bandung, West Bandung 1, Bogor 2, Ciamis 4 people.
In addition to the victim who was confirmed dead, residents who are still missing numbered 37 people in Cianjur regency, 125 people were seriously injured and slightly injured 503 people. In the event of earthquakes that hundreds of buildings collapsed, but there is another uniqueness of old buildings that still stand tall sturdy ie House Tower.
This house has a unique form of architecture that is with a roof resembling buffalo horns are made of palm fiber. Tower House front yard is usually always there are two buildings Rangkiang, used to store grain. Gadang house on the right wing and left there anjuang space (Anjung) as a place where the coronation of the bride biting or customary chief, because that house is also named as a home Gadang Baanjuang. Anjuang on harmony Bodi-Chaniago not use crutches underneath, whereas for class kesalarasan Koto-Piliang wearing crutches. This fits the philosophy adopted for these two different groups, one group adopted governance principles anjuang wearing hirarkies using crutches, the other faction anjuang as if floating in air.
Floors made of boards. Right to left end of the floor is raised one level or two levels called Anjung. If the House does not beranjang Gadang the floor next to both ends too high a floor of the boat. The walls of the house consists of 3 parts gadang: 1. Front wall 2. Sasak wall, and 3. Sidewall Generally, these large wall at a house made of woven bamboo, which is bound by the board – the board as his bones.
Gadang house called House or Houses Bagonjong gonjong because bergonjong pointy-shaped roof rising, is a name that distinguishes a normal house. Sharp curvature on the roof like a buffalo horn lines, while the curved ramp on the body such as the hull house (Syamsidar, 1991). Gonjong is the highest part of each end of the roof facing upwards, and is the tip of which was wrapped with tin Turang the form:
• 2 squash-gourd at the bottom
• 1 kelimbing above pipkin
• 1 earring in the leatherback
• 1 sharp edges on the earrings